Arabic Language

14 Facts about Arabic Language.

Before selecting a new language to learn, it is always good idea to do some research. Learning interesting facts about Arabic can help you become interested in studying it. Also this way you will get an idea of what to expect and what challenges are waiting for you. Bellow we provided a list of some of the most interesting and useful facts about Arabic.

1. Varieties of Standard Arabic.

There are two different types of Standard Arabic – Classical and Modern Standard Arabic. Classical also called Fus-ha is the language in which Qur’an is written. Modern Standard form is understood all across Arabic world and is used by politicians and TV reporters.

Alphabet

2. Alphabet Only Has Consonants.

The alphabet of Arabic Language consists of 28 unique letters. One quite special feature of this alphabet is that it contains only consonants.

This type of writing system is called Ajbad. It means that you will not find any vowels in this type alphabet. Instead vowels appear in ajbad written as symbols on consonants. Hence users of Arabic language need to know them by using vowel marks.

3. 22 Countries With Millions of Arabic Speakers.

Arabic Speakers

The Arabic has official language status even in twenty two separate countries. When we combine all speakers of this language it is more than 200 million. Based on statistics, even more than three percent of worlds population speak Arabic as their first language.

Writing script of Arabic is used even by 1/7 of world’s population. This number is higher, because some other foreign languages uses this script as well.

4. Written from Right to Left.

Unlike European languages, Arabic script is written and read differently. Words in Arabic are written from right to left horizontally. As English speakers are used to write left to right, this unique feature can be challenging in the beginning. The good news is that numbers in Arabic are written from left to right. Hence you will not need to get used to this.

5. No Capital Letters.

All letters and words are treated equally in this foreign language. Hence capitalization of letters is absent in Arabic language. Instead of this, double or single quotes are used to show emphasis.

6. Alphabet Has 8 Different Diacritics.

There are 8 unique diacritics in the alphabet, which are used to show how correctly pronounce words. They are needed, because the same Arabic words might have different tenses or even meanings. It is somewhere similar to giving tones to sentences, which might make it either a question or a statement.

Arabic Dialects

7. Many Different Spoken Dialects.

Spoken form of Arabic language has a lot of unique dialects. They are so different that people speaking different dialects might find it difficult to understand each other. However Modern Standard form or popular dialects (Egyptian) allows people to communicate for different region speakers.

8. English Has Some Borrowed Arabic Words.

Arabic language has a long and rich history. Throughout the years it had a strong impact on languages that it has come into contact with. Even though English originated from different languages, it still has some borrowed Arabic words. Some of the best known words are alcohol, algebra, cumin, lime, saffron, sugar, orange, mummy, sesame and many others.

9. Arabic Language Has Extensive Lexicon.

When it comes to vocabulary, there are not much languages that would be able to compete with Arabic. Since it is a difficult task to calculate all words of a language, precise numbers of vocabulary are not clear. However everyone would agree that Arabic has one of the largest vocabulary.

The main reason for this is that many Arabic words have a lot of synonyms. For instance word like lion has even up to 300 synonyms and it is possible to say word love in at least 50 different ways (depending on the stage).

10. Belongs to Sematic Languages.

Arabic is part of Sematic group of languages. Other languages assigned to this group are Ethiopic, Hebrew, Assyrian, Amharic and others. Many of Sematic Languages uses Arabic alphabet. This means that you would be able to read in Urdu, Kurdish, Persian and Pashto by learning this alphabet. Of course, even though you would know how to pronounce words, it doesn’t necessary mean that you would understand their meaning.

11. Four Unique Arabic Sounds.

One of the things that makes studying Arabic challenging for new learners is its unique sounds. These sounds doesn’t exist in other foreign languages. Hence learning to pronounce them takes time and effort. It is important to learn how to pronounce these sounds correctly, because otherwise it can completely change the meaning of Arabic words.

Four unique sounds in Arabic alphabet are Ayn, Kha, Ghyan and Haa. These unique Arabic sounds are commonly referred to as throat sounds. This is mainly because they require to use your throat. 

12. Roots Make Learning Arabic Vocabulary Easier.

Many similar meaning words in Arabic tend to have the same root. In most cases this root consists of three consonants. Different vowels and other letters are added in additional to this root, which creates different words. For more advanced learners this feature makes learning Arabic vocabulary way easier. With a help of root, many learners can even guess the meaning words later on.

One possible example of Arabic roots can be k-t-b root used in words maktab (office), maktaba (library) and kitaab (book). As you can see all of these words have the same root and their meaning is related.

13. One of The Oldest Languages.

As with many languages, the exact timing when Arabic originated is not clear. Nevertheless this language is believed to be at least 1500 years old. It is thought that Nomadic Tribes used Arabic for their communication in Arabian Peninsula. This form of old Arabic was called Safaitic dialect. The first inscriptions of this dialect use date backs to approximately the first century.

The other version of Arabic (Classic Arabic) originated around the 6-th century. It was the language used to write Koran (Quran). Today this dialect of Arabic is no longer spoken. Nevertheless everyone who wants to read Quran in its original form, needs to learn Classical Arabic. 

14. Egyptian is the Most Popular Spoken Dialect.

Egyptian ArabicIn the beginning many new students have doubts when selecting particular Arabic dialect to study. Egyptian dialect tends to be a popular choice among those who are learning Arabic for communication reasons. Many resources even cite Egyptian as the most widely understood dialect in Arabic speaking countries.

One of the reasons for this is that population of Egypt is the largest in the region. Also this Egyptians produce 3/4 of all Arab Word films. As a result Egyptian dialect is heard all over Arab world through television and films. 

Learn Arabic Faster

Tips for Learning Arabic Faster.

Arabic is considered to be one of the most difficult languages to learn for native English speaker. This can be especially true when learners are studying on their own and without professional guidance from tutors or well structured course. Although everything is possible with the right motivation and well selected tools to study. Bellow you can find a few practical tips that can help you learn Arabic easier and faster.

1. Set Learning Goals.

keep-calm-and-learn-arabic

Before stating to learn something new, it is important to identify the reasons why you want to do it. It could be that you want to travel to the country where the language spoken, you could want to communicate with someone speaking it, it is part of your identity or for other purposes. Knowing your reasons is useful, because it can give you additional motivation to continue when studying is hard.

Following this, you should write down your Arabic learning goals. It is advisable that in order for this tip to be beneficial, your set goals need to be SMART. What it means is that that they need specific, achievable, measurable, realistic and have time limit. One good example of SMART Arabic learning goal would be “I will learn 50 new words of Egyptian Arabic each week for one year”. A goal like “I will learn to read in Arabic” is not very concreate, hence it is not functional for your studying plan.

Once the goals are set, it is recommended to write them all down. Also from time to time, review them and if necessary make some adjustments. Things are not always going according to a plan, hence making changes is better than giving up your goals completely. And if it happens that you can’t keep up with your goals on particular days, try to compensate this time on other days.

2. Select Dialect of Arabic Language.

Since Arabic is spoken in many different areas and countries it is not surprising that this language has many dialects. These dialects differ a lot and they can even be considered as separate languages. You wouldn’t want to spend time learning dialect that you will not use. Hence one of the first things to do when starting Arabic studying is to choose which type of Arabic you will try to learn. Depending on the reason you want to learn this language, you can choose MSA, classical or some more popular spoken dialects like Egyptian, Gulf and etc.

3. Learn Arabic Alphabet.

As Arabic has different alphabet than English, the next logical step would be to begin with it. When learning letters, try to listen to the letter pronunciation by a native speaker. It is not too difficult to find free YouTube videos teaching Arabic alphabet that are completely free. Although when looking for learning videos or audios make sure that the speaker uses your selected dialect. Also stay active when learning and try to mimic letter pronunciation by yourself. Additionally you can find workbooks or flashcards dedicated to teaching alphabet of this language. You can buy them quite cheaply or simply borrow from you local library.

4. Learn About Changes in Letter Forms.

One quite unique aspect of Arabic is that letters in this language tend to change its form determent by where they appear in a word. Letter can have a different form when it appears on its own, it is in the beginning, center or end of word. Hence there are four different forms of each letter in the alphabet. It is important to be aware about this characteristic, so that you would notice patterns from the start and your overall learning would be more efficient.

5. Learn New Relevant Arabic Vocabulary Each Day. 

Learn New Vocabulary

At first try to learn some basic words and useful phrases. The more vocabulary you will learn, the faster you will be able to connect them into sentences and start speaking. You could start with some simple phrases like how to say “hello”, “goodbye” and etc. Then you can learn numbers, weekdays and etc. Later on, it might be worthwhile to include words from topics that interest you or your hobbies. Learning to speak about subjects that matter to you, will keep you more motivated. Also it might be good idea to start writing your Arabic vocabulary diary. This way it is more likely to become your daily routine and you can use the notes to repeat previously learned words.

6. Find Speaking Partner to Communicate in Arabic.

Whenever learning a new language, it is always useful to speak it out load and practice it each day. This way you will be more motivated to improve your skills and be able to communicate in more topics. Finding Arabic speaking partner is not too difficult these days. There a few free websites offering language learning exchange. You would teach someone languages that you know and in exchange you would have the possibility to speak to Arabic native speaker. A few websites offering this kind of service are iTalki, ConversationExchange, The Mixxer, Speaky and others. Alternatively, you can also look up some Facebook groups dedicated to teaching Arabic. Many Arabic speakers seek to improve their English language skills, hence it is not too difficult to find similar offerings in these social communities.

7. Download Some Free Apps.

Ways to learn Arabic Efficiently

It happens quite frequently that we have a free minute while traveling to work or waiting in a que. Why not use this time to learn something new in Arabic? One great way to do this is to download some free mobile apps that teach Arabic. Typically most language teaching apps are very engaging and they use gamification. This means that users collect points or badges for completed tasks while moving forward with studying content. This type of learning is fun and keeps you from getting bored.

When selecting particular apps to download, it is useful to do a bit of research to investigate what part of language each application covers. It is more advantageous to have applications that focus on different aspects of Arabic. Fluency in a new language is not something you can expect to achieve with apps. Tipically it is mostly aimed at beginner learners and doesn’t cover languages in depth. Nevertheless, it is great additional learning tool to make your studying faster.

Some of the most popular apps for Arabic learning are Memrise, MangoLanguages, Drops and Mondly. It might be also useful to download apps for English-Arabic translation or vice versa. This way you can get a quick translation via your phone whenever you need one. Also there are specific apps dedicated to teaching particular area of Arabic like alphabet, letter writing and etc. They can come in handy especially once you are just starting to study.

8. Surround Yourself With Media in Arabic.Learning Tips

The more you hear and see Arabic language, the better learning results you can expect to have. To train your ears to Arabic sounds you can download popular Arabic music, find a list of radio stations in this language or download some podcasts.

If you prefer video content, it might be useful to watch TV news (BBC Arabic, Al Jazeera and others), shows and movies in Arabic. For learners who want to improve their reading skills, it might be worthwhile to turn on subtitles in video content, read newspapers and magazines in Arabic. Of course, this tip is more practical when you are at least a bit familiar with a language. Otherwise it might be hard to recognize words or notice any patters.

9. Dedicate Some Budget on Paid Learning Resources.

Everyone loves free stuff and learning materials are no exception. While there is plenty of free resources and methods for studying Arabic, they are usually free for some reason. Either the quality is not great or they are free of charge only for limited use.

While there are possible exceptions to this, learners who want more advanced learning resources should consider dedicating a budget for it. It is likely that paid course or book will be structured better or explain new language concepts in more detail. Hence if you are serious about studying Arabic, sign up for classes, buy online course or books. With more and quality resources you will be more likely to learn faster and achieve your goals.

10. Determine Your Current Level at Arabic.Language Learning Tips

For learners who are not completely new at Arabic, it might be advantageous to do language level testing. This is recommended tip, because it will help to determine your knowledge level, select more accurate learning resources and see whether you are progressing according to plan. It is possible to get language level testing for free as many schools or companies in this area offer it. After getting your results, you will also be able to include your proficiently level in your CV or other similar applications.

Hopefully, this article will give you some ideas on how to make your Arabic studying more efficient. Of course, not all of these tips are suitable for all learners or their goals. Nevertheless, trying to incorporate at least a couple of them into your learning routine can make a big difference.

7 Reasons to Learn Arabic Language.

In case you still haven’t decided what particular foreign language to study it is definitely worthwhile to consider Arabic. Arab countries have a rich & interesting culture, the language itself has a long history and there are various economical, religious reasons to study it. Bellow you can find a list of some good reasons why learning Arabic is a good choice.

1. Arabic – 5-th Most Spoken Language.

arabic-speakersThe number of speakers can be one of the most important factors when choosing what foreign language to study. The larger the number the more beneficial it becomes to study one particular language, after all you want to learn a language that would be understood by as many people as possible. When it comes to Arabic, it is being spoken by about 280 million that makes it fifth most spoken language in the world. This number of speakers is being distributed through 20 different countries, which is another great benefit of learning Arabic. Being able to speak this foreign language will enable you to communicate in various different countries throughout Middle East and North Africa.

2. Understand Religion – Islam.

Since Quran is written is Arabic, many people are interested in learning this foreign language due to religious purposes. In Arab world, Islam is the most widespread religion and many Arabs live and understand the world through it. Ability to understand Muslim culture and traditions will enable you to develop stronger relationships with most people. Basically learning Arabic language can be a great way to learn more about the whole Muslim culture.

While Quran is being translated into other languages, reading the original script is more beneficial because there are no distortions in the meaning. Translations of Quran are allowed and accepted; however they are only being considered as translations of the true meaning.

3. Arabic is Easy to Learn.

Believe or not, but Arabic is not that difficult to learn. While alphabet of this language might seem quite intimidating for most English learners, it is actually quite easy to learn. Most learners are able to learn within just a day. Arabic grammar is also significantly easier when compared with most European languages. What makes it easy is the fact that there are only two tenses (past and non-past), two genders (no neuter), most words have roots and verb system is relatively simple too.

4. Easier to Learn Other Foreign Languages.

Based on classification Arabic is a Semitic language. Other languages that fall into the same group are Hebrew, Tigrinya, Amharic and Aramaic. Due to many similarities between these languages it would be easier to learn them once you know Arabic. In terms of vocabulary quite a lot of words are the same or similar in Persian, Turkish and Urdu so it would be easier to study these languages too. It is also worthwhile to mention that languages like Urdu, Persian, Kurdish use Arabic alphabet so you would be able to read in these languages too (although not necessary understand).

5. Employment Opportunities.

job-opportunities-for-arabicHaving a good knowledge of Arabic language and culture can be just what you need in order to be successful at your career. This is especially true if your job is associated with fields like consultation, journalism, business, translation, Foreign Service and etc. It can be said that particularly in these areas there is a shortage of workers who would have a good knowledge of Arabic. Based on statistics only about 1% of students in USA choose to study Arabic, which means that there is low supply of future workers who will be able to speak and understand this language. So by having fluent skills in Arabic you would have a large competitive advantage in job market or you would be hard to replace in your current work.

6. More Destinations for Traveling.

As it was mentioned earlier Arabic is spoken in 20 different countries, which means that it can be a very beneficial language when traveling. By knowing Arabic you would be able to communicate in Middle East and many North Africa countries where it is either official or co-official language.

While spoken Arabic vary in some countries, dialects like Egyptian are understood widely due to its common use on media. So by choosing Egyptian or other widely understood dialect you would be able to communicate in many countries without too much trouble. The number of English speakers is also constantly increasing in Arab countries; however there is still a large part of people who only speaks Arabic.

traveling-to-arabic-countriesOne great benefit of speaking at least a little Arabic when traveling is that local people tend feel honored when they hear foreigners making an effort to speak their language. It doesn’t have to be very professional, but at least a few phrases can guarantee that your stay would be more pleasant. Ability to understand written Arabic can be also a great benefit since you would be able to read signs and travel significantly easier.

7. Business Opportunities.

Arabic speaking regions tend pay a lot of attention to global economic development in recent years. All this opens a lot of new opportunities for people who want to do business in this region. Some of the most popular areas for investment is Gulf region where many business invest in telecom, construction as well as finance. Also population of these regions tend to increase each year, which makes it a great destination for exporting services and various goods. In order to conduct business more successfully in Arabic countries it is, of course, necessary to have a knowledge of Arabic language and culture. This can give a great advantage when negotiating and conducting trade.

Different Dialects of Arabic Language.

Arabic Language Dialects.

As with any foreign language, different dialects and variations makes learning it a more complicated task. For most languages differences between dialects are not that significant so learners and native speakers are able to understand each other. However it can be said that Arabic is not one of these languages and there can be cases when speakers of different dialects might not be able to communicate with each other. It is also worthwhile to mention that with Arabic Language there are not only many different dialects, but there is also quite a large difference between written and spoken form of this foreign language. The differences can be found not only in vocabulary, but also in tenses, pronunciation, verbs and syntax. The difference between written form of Arabic (MSA) and one of the dialects can be that large that a new student wouldn’t be able to read and understand a written text completely. On the contrary a learner of MSA who is visiting one of Arabic speaking countries might find it difficult to communicate with local people. Due to this many new learners of Arabic need to figure out whether they will learn MSA (written form of Arabic), one of the dialects of this foreign language or maybe even both.

Gulf Arabic.

This dialect of Arabic is spoken in Persian Gulf countries like U.A.E, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Oman and Kuwait. If we would convert that into numbers, there are about five million speakers of this Arabic dialect and even more people who learned it as a second dialect or language. Since MSA evolved from Gulf region, it is quite commonly said that Gulf is the closest dialect to Modern Standard Arabic. Gulf dialect preserved quite a lot of verb conjugations from MSA, however there are significant differences in other areas. Most learners of Arabic chooses to study Gulf dialect in cases when they are planning to visit this region.

Egyptian Arabic.

As the name of this dialect suggest Egyptian is a dialect of Arabic that is most commonly spoken in Egypt. If we would convert that into numbers it can be said that about twenty percent of Arabic speakers use Egyptian dialect for communication. Due to such a larger number of speakers this particular dialect is quite commonly referred to as second standard Arabic after MSA. It is also important to mention that popularity of this dialect is highly associated with thriving Egyptian video and music industry. Basically any Arabic speaker who listens to songs, watches TV and films should be able to understand this dialect. This is one of the main reasons why most of new Arabic learners chooses Egyptian Arabic instead of other dialects.

Levantine Arabic.

Levantine is a dialect of Arabic that is spoken in countries like Jordan, Palestine, Lebanon and Syria. Within dialect itself it can also be divided into Southern Levantine (more similar to Egyptian dialect) or Northern Levantine (more similar to Gulf Arabic). The number of Arabic speakers that uses this particular dialect is close to 20 million people, which makes it one of the five major dialects of this foreign language. Levantine Arabic doesn’t have its written form (some dialects have) so instead MSA is being used for written communication. Since Levantine Arabic is mostly spoken and understood in the region, it is not really worthwhile learning it if you are planning to visit other Arabic country.

North African Dialects.

Another quite commonly distinguished Arabic dialect is North African, although it can be also divided into sub-dialects too. The region in which this dialect is spoken includes countries like Libya, Algeria, Tunisia and also Morocco. Speakers of this dialect tend to cluster consonants together and also much of the vowels are being removed too. One of the main reasons why these dialects are more different from other Arabic dialects is because they were strongly influenced by other languages like French, Berber and etc. These particular dialects tend to have more different vocabulary and language structure so Arabs from other regions might find it a real challenge to communicate with a person speaking one of North African dialects.

MSA (Modern Standard Arabic).

Written Arabic is most commonly distinguished into two parts – Classical and Modern Standard Arabic. Classical Arabic is the language in which Qur’an is written and MSA is official language of most Arabic speaking countries. MSA is also included in UN official languages list. The main differences between MSA and Classical Arabic can be found in vocabulary.

As it was mentioned previously the main issue with learning MSA is that it is actually not a conversational language. It is true that this form of Arabic is being used in politics, school and you can hear it on the media, however it is highly unlikely that you will ever hear it being used in daily affairs. Although educated Arabs understand MSA they simply don’t speak it and instead they use local dialects. For this reason it might be only be worthwhile learning Modern Standard Arabic either for religious or academically purposes.

While in this article I distinguished and described the main dialects of Arabic it is important to mention that there is definitely more of them (~30 spoken dialects). Due to this some resources and authors divide Arabic speech into even smaller dialects. This includes dialects like Iraqi, Hassaniya, Yemeni, Najdi, Hejazi, Sudanese and others.

Which Arabic Dialect You Should Learn?

The answer to this question highly depends on a few things. Since not all Arabic speakers are educated enough to know MSA, learning only this dialect might be not enough. Also as it was mentioned previously MSA is not really a conversational language so it is rarely used for communication. If your goal is to be understood throughout the most Arabic countries one of the best choices can be Egyptian dialect. It has one of the largest number of speakers and it is quite commonly heard on TV and other forms of media, so there is a higher chance that you will be understood. Although if you already know to which region specifically you are planning to travel or live it might be best to learn dialect that is spoken there. Of course, it is also important to consider whether your chosen dialect has sufficient learning resources available. Some smaller Arabic dialects might only have a few studying courses available so it would be difficult to learn and progress your skills without living in the region that this dialect is spoken.

Ways to learn Arabic Efficiently

Best Ways to Learn Arabic Language.

Learning a new language is never an easy task, which is especially true with more distinct languages from English like Arabic. Luckily, in these times there numerous engaging ways how you can learn Arabic. You can try to find a private tutor, language school or classes. Although depending on the area where you live, it might be difficult to find a professional teacher or classes. Also you should keep in mind that these mentioned options might be very expensive. If you prefer to learn at your own pace and at home, a better option would be to buy some books, online course or find free apps and studying resources. To decide which way is the best for you, highly depends on your budget, time you can dedicate and the level you want to achieve.

As each person has unique learning goals and study best in different way, there is no one method that would work best for everyone. Hence it is important to research all possible ways to study and chose the most suitable ones for you. This article lists 7 effective and engaging ways to learn Arabic. For the best studying results, try to incorporate at least a few of them to your learning routine.

  1. Learn via Books.

When it comes to foreign language learning, there are at least a couple well-known book series available to help with studying. For learners who are only starting, a good place to start might be books like Arabic for Dummies or The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Arabic. The titles of these books don’t sound very proficient, but it can add potential readers additional confidence that everyone can learn Arabic. Both of these books are very beginner friendly, easy to understand and have some humor in the material. Studying content in these books mostly focuses on different topic vocabulary and basic grammar. Hence for intermediate or advanced students it is better to start with book series like Assimil or Living Language.

The main benefits of books in comparison with other resources are that they provide longer and more in depth explanations. Also you can be sure to find some cultural notes that are advantageous for learners who want all-inclusive cultural experience. Of course, most books are not free and they have learning disadvantages as well.

2. Watch Arabic TV Shows and Movies.

Tv shows to learn ArabicWatching video content can be a great way to improve your Arabic comprehension skills. Hearing conversations in Arabic with native speakers will help you get familiar with different accents and sounds of this foreign language. Whenever possible, try watching movies with subtitles as it can be beneficial for your Arabic writing skills. Some good choices for Arabic films are “The Square“, “Theeb“, “Heaven Without People“, “Wajib” and many others. The list of available movies in Arabic is extensive, hence you can have endless recourses for improving your language skills.

When it comes to TV shows, you can start with familiar international shows like “Arabs got Talent“, “Who Wants to be a Millionaire” and others. This way of learning Arabic can be not only enjoyable, but also very informative as you can learn more about people and culture.

3. Arabic Language Courses Online.

online-learning

Online courses are becoming more and more popular way of learning new languages. There are many reasons for that although in most cases it is because people are busier these days and can dedicate time going to traditional classes. Also it’s cheaper and more fun.

When it comes to Arabic there 3 well-known courses that can help you start learning. The first one is Rocket course, which offer various features for learners like audio lessons (with culture notes), different software’s and games. It is an ideal course for those who are just beginning and want to learn in fun and dynamic way. Also it’s one of the cheapest options for the features that it offers.

The second one is Pimsleur program, which offers audio lessons for different dialects (Eastern, Egyptian and Modern Standard Arabic). It’s a good option for those who want to learn how to speak and understand this language without learning grammar or writing.

The third well-known software is Rosetta Stone, which offers unique image-word association learning method. It’s interactive and fun way to study Arabic, although doesn’t include culture lessons or explanations in English. All of the mentioned courses have some weak and strong sides therefore before choosing one read my reviews in this website.

However, keep in mind that some language courses online are up to some limit. So if you do not need to become professional at it, it’s most likely the best way to go about it. And if you want to become somewhere close to professional level you might need a personal teacher or find Arabic language school. Also, keep in mind that you need to be disciplined in order to succeed and progress in learning a language online. No one will tell you how much to study so you need to be motivated yourself.

4. Mobile Apps.

learn-arabic-via-appsAs mobile phones became one of the most important tools in our life, they can be used for studying Arabic as well. The list of available mobile apps for studying foreign languages is extensive. For Arabic language in particular, there are numerous apps that can help you build your vocabulary, learn basic grammar rules, improve your writing skills and etc. Other apps work as flashcards, dictionaries or language partner finders. While most of these apps don’t provide in depth studying material, they are mostly free as well. Hence you can install at least couple of them on phone and at your convenience use them to improve different areas of Arabic. Some popular apps for Arabic learning are Drops, Memrise, Duolingo and others.

5. Use Language Learning Exchange Websites.

Once you get familiar with Arabic, it can be very useful to find native speakers of this language to talk to. By talking and listening to native speakers, you can greatly improve your Arabic skills. One great way to do this is to visit language learning exchange websites such as Italki, MyLanguageExchange or Lang-8. The purpose of these websites is to bring together students learning different languages. In exchange for teaching someone English (or any other language), you would get a possibility to learn Arabic. Depending on your selected website, you can practice writing (Lang-8), speaking & comprehension (Italki) or all skills (MyLanguageExchange) in your target language. These websites are completely free to use when you participate in teaching others. Nevertheless, you can choose to buy extra credits or premium features for some fixed fee. Exchange websites like Italki also offers possibility to buy lessons from your selected Arabic teacher for a hourly fee. You can select from a wide range of teachers who offer to learn different dialects and at different hourly rates.

6. Listen to Radio, Podcasts and Arabic Music.

What better way to tune your ears to Arabic sounds when listing to music? Constantly hearing spoken Arabic can help you better distinguish between sounds and recognize words. Hence spend some time and find a list of radio stations and Arabic artists that are preferable for your music taste. Some mobile apps even allows to select radio stations based on region, hence you can select channels that are spoken in your preferred Arabic dialect.

If you are not a big fan of music, a great alternative can be podcasts. You can find extensive list of Arabic podcasts in this link. Podcasts are recorded in different dialects and they cover various topics like culture, religion, history, movies, music and etc. Hence you can enhance your knowledge in different subjects and also learn some Arabic.

7. Signing for Classes.

Depending on availability in your area, you might also consider finding classes for learning Arabic either in school or collage. This way of learning languages is one of the oldest and yet one of the most effective ones. The main benefits of classes are that you can hear spoken Arabic at least a couple of hour per week, ask tutor questions and get explanations on more difficult aspects. As Arabic is considered difficult to learn, classes might turned out to be one of the most efficient ways to study. Instead of spending hours looking for answers on your own, you can get help from your tutor or other classmates.

While this method of studying comes with many advantages, it has some downsides as well. Some obvious are that you need to dedicate your time each week at certain times, it can be quite expensive and your topic selection depends entirely on your tutor. Also availability of Arabic classes can be quite limited in some areas, hence you might need to travel to other cities to get access.